La Provence, rosé country…. But not only! Provence wine region starts in Avignon and ends up in Nice, along the Mediterranean coast. It offers a large variety of soils and climates in between sea and mountains.
2600 years ago, the Phoceans arrived in Marseille and planted vines for the first time in France. Why? Mediterranean climate of course!
• 300 days of sun each year, with dry summers and mild winters.
• The Mistral, a strong and dry wind, which protects naturally vines against the diseases bound to the humidity
• Also, poor soils with a majority of limestone and clay. Limestone drains water so the roots need to go very deep (about 30 meters underground) to drink, which makes them stronger and more resistant
Main grape varieties became adjusted to strong sun:
Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Cinsault, Cabernet Sauvignon for the reds
Rolle (ou Vermentino), Sauvignon blanc, Grenache blanc, Clairette, Ugni blanc for the whites
Are some of the main grape varieties in Provence.
About 70% of wine production in Provence are Rosé wines. Provence is well-known for its Rosé.
For a long time, Provence wines were not very good, but technology and winemakers’ professionalism have improved a lot the quality of Provence wines, especially of the Rosé. Roof top parties “Rosé all day” in New York are one of the success image of the rosé!
Provence wines are in majority a blend of different grape varieties. But why?
By blending grape varieties, winemakers can create balanced wines, because each grape brings something different to the wine.
For example, in a classic red with Grenache, Syrah and cabernet, the wine will be a perfect mix between the fruit brought by the Grenache, the spices brought by the Syrah and the tanins and structure brought by the cabernet.
12 différents Appellation (AOP) in Provence
Côtes de Provence, with its 4 sub-appellations Sainte Victoire, Fréjus, Pierrefeu, La Londe
Coteaux d’Aix en Provence, Coteaux Varois, Bandol, Cassis, Bellet, Palette, Baux de Provence
Each of them needs to follow a list of rules to guarantee the particularity of the wines from the region and express the terroir and its unicity.
A Bandol Rosé will be completely different than a Côtes de Provence Sainte-Victoire rosé because of geological and climate influences very different in these two areas.
But Provence can’t be told. It needs to be experienced with its way of life and its accent ;)!
So we can’t wait for you to meet our little secret places and family winemakers that we have discovered along our wine escapes!